As of the early hours of September 11, 2001, the United States of America and its allies had not even started deploying the technologies of high-frequency electricity (HF/UHF) broadcasting and the frequency modulation (FM) radio transmissions needed to transmit and receive the necessary signals for the transmission of electricity throughout the United States. These technologies were being developed and manufactured in other countries at the time on a commercial scale.
As of September 11, 2001, no one had the means of powering their homes and work locations with free, reliable and inexpensive electrical power at short wavelengths. The United States was faced with a challenge of how to secure and operate electrical power without relying on foreign manufacturers. But on the surface, the United States responded by establishing the Joint National Energy Security Administration (JNEA), an agency comprised of the Department of Energy, the Department of Commerce, and the Commerce Department. JNEA sought to establish a long-term and sustainable approach to securing and operating electrical power for the United States without relying on foreign manufacturers. In September 1999, the U.S. Congress established a special legislative committee to develop a long-term strategy for securing and operating electrical power in the United States in the long term.
JNEA and the JNEA Strategy
JNEA developed a long-term strategy to secure and use electrical power so as to increase the energy security of the United States. JNEA’s strategy is:
In developing and building the infrastructure to secure electrical power globally, the United States is seeking to eliminate the vulnerability of the global electrical power infrastructure to terrorist attack by securing and maintaining the supply of energy.
On September 11, 2001, the United States of America was faced with a challenge of how to secure and operate electricity in a manner so as not to depend on foreign manufacturers. JNEA attempted to develop and create a strategy to secure and operate electrical power in a manner that is efficient, inexpensive, and secure for all Americans in the long term. In September 1999, Congress allocated $22.5 billion to JNEA. This allocation represented $50 per person per year to fund research aimed at the elimination of vulnerability for electricity supply worldwide.
JNEA’s first step was to determine the technology that will be required to secure and operate electricity for the United States. JNEA, using its scientific research activities, conducted a series of studies and tests related to developing the technology necessary to secure and operate electricity worldwide.
Phase I of JNEA’s