How can digital images be manipulated? – Start Photo Editing

We have seen that many images created in postprocessing software, including Photoshop, are made by using computer graphics. Even though Photoshop is an application, these images are in fact photographs, in the sense that they have been manipulated and enlarged into a more-comprehensive three-dimensional representation. A typical computer graphics program allows the artist to edit existing photograph images into a three-dimensional representation. But they may alter these images to make them look more stylized, and then, in a way, the artist will have control over how these edited images will appear in a printed book.

Here are some examples of digital manipulation:

[image is a digital photograph of a snowflake on a snowflake

laser engraving]

[image of the “snowflake” is shown enlarged

and with two new snowflakes added to

the original image]

[image of a snowflake has been changed to be a


[image of a rabbit is shown enlarged and

with two new rabbit eggs in it and two

new kittens in the original image]

[image of a snowflake has been changed to be a


What is a “print book”?

[image is a print book]

You may be amazed by the changes in “printing” these days…

If you use Photoshop, the images can be made into 3-D or “photorealistic” representations, but some of the software will not work with the computer programs used to create photographic images. The techniques described above allow for some of these “impressionist” effects, or even those “digital” effects, that we have so often seen in photos. The “impressionism” of digital techniques allows for some of this same “artistic” techniques, but some of the digital techniques, in fact, tend to remove the original photograph’s more organic qualities.

A printed book is also called a “monochrome book,” or a “color book.”

The following is an excerpt from “Barthes’ Influence at the End of the Twentieth Century” written by Paul M. Barthes of the Museum of Modern Art in New York:

[…] it has become possible to produce photographs “by an extremely wide range of methods”, from the most primitive, the simplest, the least expensive, the most effective or the most exact, such as the following

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